The process by which a piece of scientific research, such as a manuscript, a project, a grant proposal, or academic work is assessed by others – a researcher’s fellow peers – who are suitably qualified and able to judge the piece of work under review in terms of novelty, soundness and significance. In general, it is a critique of submitted work.

Adapted from: Who “owns” peer reviews? COPE Discussion Document. COPE Council, 16 September

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