1) The author adds additional data and/or information to his/her previously presented or published work and may change title, modify aim of the study, and/or recalculate results.
(2) Instead of creating an original piece of work, the author adds additional data and/or information to his/her previously published work and changes title, modifies aim of the study, and/or recalculates results. There is no cross-citation to the author’s own previous publications.
Adapted from: Dhammi, I. K., & Haq, R. U. (2016). What is plagiarism and how to avoid it? Indian Journal of Orthopaedics, 50(6): 581-583.« Back to Glossary Index