ENAI Ethical Approval

The European Network for Academic Integrity will soon start offering ethical approval for research, projects, consultations, or teaching which is carried out by individuals attached to ENAI member institutions and by individual supporters.

The form for the ethical approval will be soon available in the Member’s Section. To perform the ethical approval procedure with ENAI, please download the form, fill it in, and send it to ethics@academicintegrity.eu.

If you have any further questions about the ENAI ethical approval, please contact us at ethics@academicintegrity.eu. Please note, that the ENAI ethical approval process is available only for individuals or project affiliated with ENAI member institutions and for the individual supporterts.


Ethical Approval

Synonym: Ethics approvalEthical review

A formal process checking whether a research proposal or plan complies with ethical standards and factors in management of necessary risks and ethical problems that could arise.


View more terms in the ENAI Glossary »

Clarification of Terms Used in the Ethical Approval Form

Informed Consent (for further details and example of informed consent, please click here)

Informed consent is a process of communication between the researcher(s) and their participants to agree and get permission to use their opinion, answers, carry out procedures, provide research, treatment, or services. Every participant has the right to get information and ask questions before their participants, carrying out procedures and treatments. If adult patients are mentally able to make their own decisions, research cannot begin unless they give informed consent.

The informed consent process makes sure that the researcher has given information about their condition along with data capturing/testing methods, treatment or options before they decide to take part in the study or not.

This information may include:

  1. Title of your project with aims and objective in laymen’s language
  2. Details of the procedure, data collection or treatment
  3. Risks and benefits of taking part in the study

Deception (for further details and an example of informed consent, please click here)

Deception is when research is conducted by giving the participants are not made fully aware of the specific purposes of the study or are misinformed as part of the study. Two main forms of deception may occur in research, (a) providing false information to subjects or intentionally misleading them about some key aspect of the research. This could include feedback to subjects that involves creating false beliefs about oneself, one’s relationship, or manipulation of one’s self-concept. And (b) Incomplete disclosure of information or deliberately withholding some information about the real purpose of the study, or the nature of the research procedures. Although deception is not allowed in medical research, it is usually allowed in social science research, provided the outcomes benefits the participants or community and they are debriefed about the real reasons for deception at the end of the study. Ethical approval of studies involving deception is dependent on full details and proper justification of the study

Debriefing (please find some useful information here)

Debriefing of participants is usually carried out at the end of their participation to make sure the volunteers’ well-being and re-ascertain their right to withdraw their consent at any time of the study. Debriefing is often mandatory in social science research involving deception. During this process, researchers reveal any deceptions that occurred and explain why deception was necessary.

General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) (please click here for further understanding)

GDPR is a law that sets guidelines for the collection and processing of personal information from individuals. According to this act research data involving human participants and their storage should be always treated as confidential.  Any personally identifiable information of participants should be either anonymized or pseudonymized (by replacing personal details with pseudonyms. Long-term storage of data collected from participants should be encrypted and stored centrally in a password protected databases. These data should not be stored on portable devices nor on memory sticks.